200V Piezo Stack Actuators

PiezoDrive SB Piezo Stack Actuator

The PiezoDrive SB stack actuators are high performance multilayer stack actuators with thermoplastic encapsulation for improved reliability and protection against dust and humidity. PiezoDrive actuators are designed for applications that require long range, high force, nanometre resolution, and high speed. The SB actuators are perfectly matched to the range of PiezoDrive amplifiers and driver modules.

Applications include: Nanopositioning, Microscopy, Precision Machining, Vibration Control, Hydraulic Pumps, Valves, and Optics.



Order Code SB050510SB050520SB050540SB070720SB070740
Range (+/-10%) 14 um 28 um 56 um 28 um 56 um
Length 10 mm 20 mm 40 mm 20 mm 40 mm
Dimensions 5 x 5 mm5 x 5 mm5 x 5 mm 7 x 7 mm7 x 7 mm
Cap (+/-20%) 450 nF 900 nF 2.1 uF 2.2 uF4.5 uF
Mass 2.3 g 4.3 g 8.1 g 7.5 g15 g
Blocking Force 700 N 700 N 700 N 1400 N1400 N
Stiffness 120 N/um60 N/um28 N/um102 N/um51 N/um
Power Bandwidth with PiezoDrive Amplifier
PDX200b 2.7 kHz1.3 kHz568 Hz 530 Hz265 Hz
PDL200 555 Hz 277 Hz 119 Hz 110 Hz55 Hz
PDm200 216 Hz 108 Hz 46 Hz 42 Hz21 Hz


Stack actuators should not be exposed to significant tensile loads, unequally distributed loads, off-axis loads, bending moments, or torque. To reduce mounting errors, a ceramic or stainless steel ball end can be used to interface the stack actuator to the load. Flexural mechanisms are also recommended.

Piezo Stack Actuator Mounting Piezo Stack Actuator Mounting

The maximum recommended tensile load is 10% of the blocking force. In applications that require bi-directional forces or high speed motion, a preload force is recommended with a magnitude greater than the maximum tensile load. This gaurantees that the actuator is always in compression. The maximum recommended preload is 50% of the blocking force.

Ball Ends

Piezoelectric Stack Actuator with Ball Ends

PiezoDrive stack actuators can be supplied with Saphire ball ends to improve the load distribution, simplify the mounting, and reduce bending moments during service. One or two ball ends can be specified by adding one of the following suffixes to the order code: -TBE (Top Ball End), -BBE (Bottom Ball End), or -2BE (Both Ball Ends). E.g. SB070718-2BE.

Actuator Width Ball End Diameter Additional Length
3 mm 3 mm 3 mm
5 mm 5 mm 5 mm
7 mm 6.5 mm 6.5 mm


The range is specified for an applied voltage of -40V to +200V. If the input voltage is unipolar (0V to +200V) the specified range is reduced by a factor of 0.75. When a stack actuator is driving a stiff spring, the range is reduced by the factor $$\frac{k_p}{k_p+k_L}$$ where \(k_p\) is the actuator stiffness and \(k_L\) is the load stiffness.

The travel range can also be reduced by restraining the end plates, e.g. by bonding the actuator to a stiff base. This effect is most significant in actuators that have a length less than twice the width.


The actuator capacitance is the small-signal capacitance measured at room temperature. Due to hysteresis, the effective capacitance increases with applied voltage. When operating at full range, the effective capacitance is approximately twice the small-signal capacitance. The capacitance also increases with temperature. A temperature increase of approximately 50 degrees C will double the effective capacitance.


Piezoelectric actuators dissipate heat when driven at full range with a high frequency. PiezoDrive actuators can be operated continuously at temperatures up to 85 degrees C. Continuous operation beyond this temperature may damage the actuator.

The dissipated heat is approximately 10% of the applied electrical power. For a sine-wave, the applied electrical power is: $$P = \frac{V_{p-p}^2 \pi C f}{4}.$$

Electrical Current Requirements

Calculate Power Bandwidth

The required current is \( I = C~dV/dt \) where \( I \) is the current, \( C \) is the effective capacitance, and \( dV/dt \) is the voltage rate of change. For a sine-wave, the required peak current is equal to: $$ I_p = 2 \pi f V_{p-p} $$ where \( V_{p-p} \) is the peak-to-peak voltage. For a triangle wave, the required peak current is equal to: $$ I_p = 2 C f V_{p-p} .$$

Recommended Drivers

Amplifier Application
PDm200B General purpose, low cost
MX200 High Current, Low noise, low cost
PDu150 Ultra-low noise
PD200 High speed, low noise
PX200 High current, low noise

Connecting Wires

The connecting wires are 140mm long AWG2 insulated wires. Red identifies the positive terminal.

Options / OEM Customization

  • Ceramic ball ends (Order suffix - 2BE)
  • Custom range and dimensions
  • Custom wiring arrangement / connectors
  • Preload or mechanical amplifier mechanisms


The total stack dimensions are based on the width and length of the ceramic listed in the specifications. The length specification includes the piezoelectric stack and two 1-mm thick ceramic end plates.

SB Stack Actuator Dimensions

Piezoelectric Properties

The piezoelectric material is similar to PZT-5H and Navy Type VI.

Piezoelectric Properties